Nicholas Hutchinson wrote:As a general question, do the rules of tincture apply when building flags, pennions, standards??
Apparently not so strictly. For a start the field was often of the livery colour(s), which might be anything, including stains. The badge colours might conceivably clash with the livery as might the crest - ideally not, but as they might have been designed at different times anything might happen. (I had difficulty over the green of the field of my banner and the green leaves of the badge. Apparently the heraldic painter will simply have chosen a different shade of green for the leaves. I wait with impatience to see how he/she finessed this.)
Look also at the standard in my original post. The "motto-bendlets" are white overlaying a white/red field. One might expect them to be, say, blue, but then the script of the motto would have to be white or gold. Also the torses are white/red on a red field. The standard maker would have to get around these colour issues by giving the borders edges of different colours (counterchanged?), or possibly by using different material. (Remember that standards were meant to be of cloth and flying in the breeze, not painted on paper or parchment.)
Of course the foregoing comments apply only to heraldic standards. Heraldic flags (banners) were the CoA depicted on cloth and thus followed the tincture conventions applying to CoAs.