Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Heraldry of the German speaking countries
User avatar
Arthur Radburn
Posts: 720
Joined: 11 Jul 2012, 09:56
Location: South Africa
Contact:

Re: Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Postby Arthur Radburn » 27 Aug 2013, 10:14

Thank you for posting these, Markus.

It's interesting to see the different styles that have been favoured in German heraldry over the past century and a half or so, from the highly elaborate 19th-century renditions by Strohl et al, through Hupp's quasi-medieval versions from the early 20th century, to the rather stark modern renditions. The round-bottomed shield which is supposed to be characteristic of German heraldry features little in the earlier renditions.
Regards
Arthur Radburn
IAAH Vice-President : Heraldic Education

User avatar
Torsten Laneryd
Posts: 87
Joined: 12 Sep 2012, 22:45
Location: Sweden

Re: Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Postby Torsten Laneryd » 27 Aug 2013, 10:46

The Prussian Province of Pomerania:
First to use this griffin was Bogislaw II, Duke of Pomerania, c. 1177-1220. I like to follow a coat through 800 years.
Image

User avatar
Chris Green
Posts: 2593
Joined: 10 Jul 2012, 13:06
Location: Karlstad, Sweden

Re: Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Postby Chris Green » 27 Aug 2013, 16:41

The Prussian Province of Pomerania:
First to use this griffin was Bogislaw II, Duke of Pomerania, c. 1177-1220.


Danish surely when the griffin was first used (1194)?
Chris Green
IAAH President

Apohypaton

User avatar
Torsten Laneryd
Posts: 87
Joined: 12 Sep 2012, 22:45
Location: Sweden

Re: Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Postby Torsten Laneryd » 27 Aug 2013, 18:00

The oldest known reference to the use of the griffin comes from a document 1194 This is a deed of gift of the Duchess Anastasia and her sons, the Dukes Bogislaw II and Casimir II of Pomerania, in favor of St. Mary's Church in Kolobrzeg.
After a failed attempt to break away from Danish sovereignty, Anastasia and her sons had to go to Denmark, to be enfeoffed with Pomerania in person by the Danish king.

Marcus Karlsson
Posts: 950
Joined: 13 Jul 2012, 08:52
Location: Sweden

Re: Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Postby Marcus Karlsson » 28 Aug 2013, 10:33

Arthur Radburn wrote:Thank you for posting these, Markus.

It's interesting to see the different styles that have been favoured in German heraldry over the past century and a half or so, from the highly elaborate 19th-century renditions by Strohl et al, through Hupp's quasi-medieval versions from the early 20th century, to the rather stark modern renditions. The round-bottomed shield which is supposed to be characteristic of German heraldry features little in the earlier renditions.


You are welcome Arthur, and yes it is interesting to se how the Style has varied in little more than over hundred years time. Well in modern this it might be true as to the Round-bottomed Shield beeing charasteristic to German Heraldy but historicaly it as can be ssen doesn't hold true.

Marcus Karlsson
Posts: 950
Joined: 13 Jul 2012, 08:52
Location: Sweden

Re: Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Postby Marcus Karlsson » 28 Aug 2013, 10:59

Thanks Torsten an Chris for the insight into the Griffin of Pomerania and the history of Pomerania.

Contiunes to the Federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen).

Image
Lower Saxony uses the Historical Sachsenross Arms long used as a Heraldic Sign in the Area. Lower Saxony was created 1946 from the Land Hannover (previously a Prussian Province made a State in 1946 pending the dissultion of Prussia. Before 1866 Hannover was an independent Kingdom/Kur Pricipality), the Freestate of Braunschweig (Brunswick), the Freestate of Oldenburg and the Freestate of Schaumburg-Lippe.

Image
Greater Arms of the Province of Hannover.

Image
Arms of the Kingdom of Hannover, which was in Personal Union with Great Britain 1714-1837. Du to Salic Law Queen Victoria was barred form the Hannoveran Throne and thus the Personal Union was dissolved.

Image
Arms of the Freestate of Schaumburg-Lippe, apart from the People's Crown this is identical to the Lesser Arms of the Principality.

Image
Greater Arms of the Principality of Scaumburg-Lippe. The Enschuteon shows the Arms of the Counts of Schaumburg, Fields I and IV shows the Rose of Lippe, Fields II and III the Arms of the County of Schwalenberg. The Crests are in the middle Schaumburg falken on the dexter sida by Lippe and on the sinster side by Schwalenberg. The Order is the Princely Schaumburg-Lippe House Order.

Marcus Karlsson
Posts: 950
Joined: 13 Jul 2012, 08:52
Location: Sweden

Re: Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Postby Marcus Karlsson » 28 Aug 2013, 11:17

Image
Arms of the Freestate of Brunswick. The Lesser Arms of the Duchy was nearly identical, but was crowned with a Royal Crown.

Image
Greater Arms of the Duchy of Brunswick.

The rather complicated shield shows in Field I arms of the Dukes of Lüneburg older line, Field II arms of the Dukes of Brunswick older line, Field III County of Everstein, Field IV Lordship Homburg, Field V och VIII County of Diepholz, Field VI County of Lauterberg, VII unites the arms of the County of Hoya (Bear Arms), County of Neu-Bruchhausen (Gules-Argent Fields) and County of Alt-Bruchhausen (Gyrony Argent-Azure), Field IX County of Hohnstein, Field X County of Regenstein/Reinstein, Field XI County of Klettenberg and Field XII County of Blankenburg.
The Crests are in the middle Brunswick-Lüneburg, to the dexter Hoya and combined Hohnstein (Deer antlers) and Lauterberg (Peacock feathers). On the sinister side Alt-Burchhausen combined with Neu-Bruchhausen and the second Diepholz (Buffel Horns) combined with Regenstein (Antler Gules) and Blankenburg (Antler Sable).
The Order is the Order of Henry the Lion.

Image
Middle Arms of the Duchy of Brunswick. On the Garter the Motto of the Order of Henry the Lion.

Marcus Karlsson
Posts: 950
Joined: 13 Jul 2012, 08:52
Location: Sweden

Re: Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Postby Marcus Karlsson » 28 Aug 2013, 11:32

Image
Arms of the Freestate of Oldenburg.

Image
Greater Arms of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg.

The Enscutheon shows in the first Field the Oldenburg Arms, Field II Lordship of Delmenhorst, Field III Principality of Lübeck this was in pre-reformation times a Diocese. Following the Reformation it fell on the rulers of Oldenburg and became an exclave in the Province of Schleswig-Holstein. It was later incorporated in to Schleswig-Holstein. Field IV Principality of Birkenfeld, an exclav on the west bank of the Rhine in 1937 incorporated into the Province of Rheinland. The Lion in the field between III and Iv are the arms of the Lordship of Jever.

The Main shield shows in I the Arms of Norway to which the Grand Dukes claimed inheritance (a Branch of the Oldenburg Family become Kngs/Queens of Denmark and Norway), II Duchy of Schleswig, III Duchy of Holstein, IV Lordship of Stormarn, V Land of Dithmarschen, VI Lordship of Kniphausen.

Marcus Karlsson
Posts: 950
Joined: 13 Jul 2012, 08:52
Location: Sweden

Re: Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Postby Marcus Karlsson » 01 Sep 2013, 11:03

Image
Arms of North Rhine-Westfalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen abbvr. NRW). These Arms combindes the Wavy Bar sinister from the Arms of the Prussian Rheinland Province, the Horse from the Arms of the Preussian Westfalen Province and the Rose of the Freestate/Principality of Lippe. The entities was after World War II united to form NRW. The Arms was approved on 5 February 1948 and signed into Law on 10 March 1953.

Image
Arms of the Freestate of Lippe, this was appart from the Crown indentical to the Lesser Arms of the Principality (which was ensigned with a Princely Crown).

Image
Greater Arms of the Principality of Lippe. In the enschuteon the Arms of Lippe, the Swallow sitting on the Star are the Arms of the County of Scwalenberg, the other stars are from the Arms of the County of Sternberg. The Millrinds are from the Arms of the Lordship of Vianen, the Vair and Gules Field are the arms of the Lordship of Ameiden.

The Crests are in the middle Lippe on the dexter side Schwalenberg and Vianen. On the sinister side Sternberg and Ameiden.

Image
Lesser arms of the Rheinland Province about 1926.

Image
Greater Arms of the Rheinland Province before 1918.

Marcus Karlsson
Posts: 950
Joined: 13 Jul 2012, 08:52
Location: Sweden

Re: Arms of the German Federal States (Bundesländer)

Postby Marcus Karlsson » 01 Sep 2013, 11:15

Image
Lesser Arms of the Westfalen Province after WW I.

Image
Greater Arms of the Westfalen Province.

During Napoleonic Times the Kingdom of Westfalen with Napoleon's brother Jérôme as King, was created on part of what was to become NRW.

Image
Arms of the King of Westfalen.


Return to “German Heraldry”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest